Mine Haulage and the Transportation of Minerals

Transportation has always been one of the main industries in Australia, playing a vital role in any operation, most companies nowadays requiring loads transported safely to their destination. One of the most challenging and also successful types of transportation is mineral transportation. In today’s growing society, more and more people nowadays need minerals transported safely, within the time-frame and without any incidents happening during the period of the transit.

Minerals such as coal, ore, iron or even expensive minerals such as gold, silver, or even diamonds are often transported in Australia every single day, making mineral haulage one of the most successful and demanded types of transportation in today’s society. In this article we are going to feature mineral transportation and also the equipment used in the process of transporting minerals.

Mining companies have always viewed the actual transportation of these minerals to their destination one of the most problematic steps of the whole mining operation, minerals being hard to deal with and requiring much precaution and safety measures. Choosing the best mining company is of vital importance if you need minerals transported safely to their destination.

Coal is one of the most commonly transported mineral, requiring much attention and proper care from the transporting company. The whole transportation process is quite simple. Usually small cars or coal trucks load the coal in the mine and transport it outside the mine to the actual transportation area where the coal is loaded into heavy coal carrying trucks which are going to transport the load to its destination for example to a wash plant.

The loading and unloading process of the minerals are also vital steps in the whole transportation system, many accidents occurring all of the time, requiring much experience from the transportation company. In order for the minerals to be properly loaded and unloaded from the carrying trucks, special equipment such as cranes or shoves is used. Bulldozers and excavators are also commonly used in the loading and unloading processes. Drag line buckets have also seen much popularity in the past few years, being a much more flexible system bringing the user with a safer and faster transportation process.

Many minerals require transportation all around the world and only the best transportation companies, providing only the finest equipment and crew are needed for the entire operation to work flawlessly. Precious minerals such as gold, silver, or even diamonds are very often transported in Australia, requiring much more attention than the transportation of cheaper minerals. Titanium and nickel are also popular minerals around Australia, requiring transportation often from shipping companies.

Cities like Perth and Queensland are very busy regarding mineral transportation, many companies working and transporting materials in those areas, making Australia one of the busiest centers for transportation of minerals.

As a conclusion, mine haulage is of vital importance for the whole mining operation to work, requiring only the most experienced crew and the finest equipment in order to fully provide a safe transit and also transporting the minerals within the time-frame provided without any accidents occurring during the actual transportation of the minerals.

Open Auto Transports Vs Enclosed Auto Transport

At any point of time, you can face a situation where you either have ordered to get an exotic automobile from overseas or you need to move your vehicle from one place to another. This depends upon auto transport companies which shift the cars or trucks miles across countries. Opting for these companies is a convenient option as by just paying for transportation, the vehicle can reach the desired destination. It further ensures safe delivery and insurance by choosing a professional auto transport company. These auto transport companies provide you with the option of Open Auto Transport as well Enclosed Auto Transport system for safe delivery of automobiles.

A few considerations like the cost, servicing of automobile and the transportation type affects the quality of safe delivery. Further, the shipping method offered by these companies like Open and Enclosed Auto transport is a matter of debate among people who plan to move their vehicle through these services. The main differences which can be aspects of consideration in choosing one over the other include their cost and benefits.

Where the Open Transport method is the most common shipping method, Enclosed Transport method has witnessed satisfied customers. The Open Transport service on the other hand, is the most preferred idea transporters and people consider because in this kind of system, around 10 to 15 vehicles can get transported in open boxes. This allows easy transportation at cheaper rates. Dealers opt for the open transportation when they need to transport large and heavy vehicles in bulk. However, there is always a risk factor attached with such kind of transportation. Since the transportation is made open in air, it can affect the vehicle a lot due to different weather conditions and locations. These are open at the top and are considered standard until an enclosed service is asked for. Though you get the same service in an open as well as enclosed transportation, still open shipping can be dangerous to the finish and paint of the vehicle and can be a cost factor in case of accidental damages which are otherwise protected in an enclosed system of transportation.

It is advisable that if you chose open auto transports then getting it covered under insurance is beneficial as with this kind of system damages due to unpredictable weather conditions are most likely to occur. It is due to the above mentioned risks employed in open transportation, you have the option of transporting the vehicle inside the protected close carriers. This is ideal and necessary for people with expensive cars. Although this might not be lucrative to budget conscious people because in this you can transport only 2 to 5 cars and demand huge prices for the same. However, this is certainly worth its cost of transportation as it ensures that your vehicle is delivered to you safely and without any scratches.

A lot can be decided depending upon the priority for which type is to be preferred. With open auto transportation one needs to be ready to face risk that might occur but with an enclosed system you just need to shed some money which is certainly worth the cost.

Shawn A. Robertson is a expert author on car transportation and auto transport. He has written a number of articles like enclosed auto transport and car shipping, and auto movers, car shipping rates.

The Role of Auto Transport Companies in Auto Shipping

Auto transport was the toughest task in those days, but now it has been made easy due to the auto transport companies. You are relocating to a new place and you want to move your car, for car shipping you need to hire a truck and you need to travel along with the driver and this makes your work a hard one and you get exhausted while moving your vehicle.

This was the process which was followed by everyone, but due to the auto moving companies it has been made easy. You don’t need to make yourself tensed and tired while moving your automobile you can just relax yourself once you handed over you car to them. Let us see the role of auto transport companies in car shipping.

Auto moving companies are the companies who move your vehicle from one place to other place safely and there are many auto shipping companies in the USA who provide the best service with affordable rate. Once you have decided to transport your vehicle you can contact these moving companies for your help, they have their own website and provided you the toll-free number and mailing facility where you can contact them and ask your doubts. Once you have booked them they will come to your home and check your vehicle conditions and intimate you the date of transporting.

They provide you the service according to your convenience; usually they use trucks for transporting your vehicle and they use pull up type truck or tractor trailer truck for vehicle transporting.

They follow two methods for transporting such as enclosed and open type for transportation purpose. Open transporting is a method where many vehicles are transported at the same time and usually trucks are of open type. In enclosed one the cars are transported in an enclosed type of truck and only few cars can be transported in this method. Depending upon your budget you can use the type of transportation.

Generally these moving companies provide you the facility of auto insurance for the safety of your vehicle. While auto moving, your vehicles may get damaged either due to environmental hazards or due to any factors, so it is better to put auto insurance while transporting your vehicle which provides you financial security to you. Most of the auto transport companies put these insurances in the writing format and their policy covers the full transporting process. Vehicle transporting companies in their websites have clearly mentioned the full details regarding car shipping and their insurance coverage details and more details regarding auto moving process. You can enter into their websites and you can find the type of information you needed over there.

The other facilities provided by these companies are, they provide you the free online quotes, 24/7 toll-free facility, free transport time calculator and distance calculator where you can find the cost of transportation for your vehicle in terms of their distance. You can avail free satisfactory quotes by filling in the online form or you can mail to the respective companies where they provide you the required information you need.

The role of auto transport companies in auto shipping

Auto transport was the toughest task in those days, but now it has been made easy due to the auto transport companies. You are relocating to a new place and you want to move your car, for car shipping you need to hire a truck and you need to travel along with the driver and this makes your work a hard one and you get exhausted while moving your vehicle. This was the process which was followed by everyone, but due to the auto moving companies it has been made easy. You don’t need to make yourself tensed and tired while moving your automobile you can just relax yourself once you handed over you car to them. Let us see the role of auto transport companies in car shipping.

Auto moving companies are the companies who move your vehicle from one place to other place safely and there are many auto shipping companies in the USA who provide the best service with affordable rate. Once you have decided to transport your vehicle you can contact these moving companies for your help, they have their own website and provided you the toll-free number and mailing facility where you can contact them and ask your doubts. Once you have booked them they will come to your home and check your vehicle conditions and intimate you the date of transporting.

They provide you the service according to your convenience; usually they use trucks for transporting your vehicle and they use pull up type truck or tractor trailer truck for vehicle transporting. They follow two methods for transporting such as enclosed and open type for transportation purpose. Open transporting is a method where many vehicles are transported at the same time and usually trucks are of open type. In enclosed one the cars are transported in an enclosed type of truck and only few cars can be transported in this method. Depending upon your budget you can use the type of transportation.

Auto Transport “How it Works”

The process of Auto Transport is for the most part very straight forward. Depending on how you go about your search for vehicle transport services will determine the service, cost and time of the process. The internet has made it possible for anyone with access to a computer to find and compare many different products and services. With many businesses advertising themselves on the worldwide web it is has made choosing a company that much harder. For the most part a search on any popular search engine such as Google, Yahoo, Bing etc. for the key words ” Auto Transport, Car Shipping, Car Transport / Car Transporter “, etc will result in pages upon pages of auto transport companies. Something to understand about the auto transport industry is the key role players.

The types of transport providers

There is 2 key players in the auto transport and car shipping industry. The most important company is the carrier. The carrier provides the physical transportation of your vehicle from point A to B. The second key player in the transport industry is the transport broker or auto shipper. The broker is the person or company that connects you with the transport carrier that will handle the physical transport of your vehicle. Unfortunately transport brokers are much easier to find than the actual carriers that will eventually be doing all the real work. Some brokers do serve their purpose by providing fast and efficient service.

A broker operates by having access to many transport carriers that travel many different routes nationwide. The broker may have worked with these carriers before or has access to new carriers that are willing to handle your transport job. The reason why brokers exist is because it is very hard to find a transport carrier that can handle your vehicle transport job at any given point and time.

Example: Your vehicle is in Miami Florida and it needs to be transported to Houston Texas. The carrier you may have found might be in Houston Texas already so you would have to wait until they reach back to Miami to transport your vehicle. That could take a weeks while your schedule may not allow it. Unless you have access to Direct Auto Transport or a couple of car transport carriers more than likely you will be dealing with an auto transport broker for your relocation needs. As mentioned before the biggest problem will be who you will choose to handle your transport job.

There is a third new player in the auto transport industry that comes in the form of a “FREE QUOTE”. The Free Quote is everywhere on the internet for not only just auto transport and car shipping but for many other services. The top websites on the major search engines for the keywords “Auto Transport” enjoy over 240,000 inquiries per month. At that rate of service inquires it would be impossible to handle each job for just a couple companies. What the big transport companies have done is convert all these transport inquires into auto transport leads. Transport leads are sold to smaller brokerage companies that will then have their professional salesmen and women call you and fight for your business.

If you fill out a Free Quote request form from one of the top of the search engine websites you can expect to get called and sometimes hounded by 10-15 transport brokerage companies. It can get very over whelming because these professional sales persons are very persistent and aggressive. The salesmen at these companies usually only make commission off of each transport job that they book. The problem with this method is that customer service and satisfaction is sacrificed for the cause of business volume. Use you gut when you are offered service from transport brokerage companies. Our future articles will discuss tips on how to choose the best transport service providers.

Details: EMT Salary in Texas

Emergency medical care providers offer out-of-hospital cares for seriously injured and critically sick people, and while transporting patients to medical facilities in an ambulance. They are specially trained in basic life support, and certified by the local and state authorities in emergency medical services. EMTs also respond to emergency calls and rush to accident sites or homes of patients after receiving 9-1-1 calls. They assess the situation and immediately offer rapid in-field treatments and transport these patients to emergency facilities or definitive care units. Their quick decisions and immediate responses have managed to save hundreds of thousands of human lives every year in the USA and worldwide.

According to the American Bureau of Labor Statistics report, the total numbers of EMTs and Paramedics employed in the country during 2013 were 237,660. The national employment figure also includes 15,360 emergencies medical services (EMS) workers employed in Texas. Their Median Hourly wage was $14.82, Mean Hourly wage -$16.08, and Annual Mean wage -$33,450.

Texas Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan areas salaries

According to the BLS, Texas Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area wage estimate, the Median Hourly wages across different geographical areas of the state include Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos – $13.90, Amarillo – $20.60, Beaumont-Port Arthur – $15.18, Corpus Christi – $11.92, Laredo – $13.06, and Corpus Christi – $11.92. Moreover, the Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown metropolitan areas provided the highest EMS employments among the 25 Texas metropolitan areas in 2013. The estimated salary for this area was Hourly Mean Wage: $17.00, and Annual Mean Wage: $35,360.

Salary variation factors

EMT salary in Texas is not uniform but varies widely throughout the state. The salary structures in rural and small towns are lower than urban areas, cities, and metropolitan areas. Although, location is one of the major factors for wage and salary variations, there are also other issues such as population density, government and private organizations, education, and practical working experiences that can influence emergency care provider’s salaries in the state.

EMT employment providers

Emergency medical technicians are employed in the public departments, private ambulance services, emergency medical and surgical facilities, fire departments, physician’s offices and other rescue services. However, the highest employment providers for this occupation are local and federal government departments, ambulatory health care services, and hospitals. These government organizations are also known to be the highest payers for different levels of emergency care providers in the state.

Future Job Outlook

The future employment outlook for EMS service workers in the country is encouraging and projected to increase by 23 percent from 2012 to 2022, according to the BLS report. The state of Texas like few other states is already passing through the shortages of emergency medical care providers. The combination of higher demands and shortages can result in increased salaries and wages for these medical care professionals.

The Colorado River of Texas

The Colorado River of Texas flows nearly due southeast through some of the most storied lands in Texas history. One of relatively few sources of fresh water in this dry region, the Colorado River was the home of the earliest Native American tribes in Texas. Early pioneers depended on the river for water and a transportation route to the inland as well, causing small towns to spring up on its banks. Comanches dominated the Colorado Rivers area for decades, often using the Colorado River as a starting point for their raids into Mexico during the early 1800’s. In 1839 Austin was named the capital of the fledgling Republic of Texas, in part because its location on the Colorado Rivers allowed easy transportation and access to natural resources.

In its natural state the Colorado Rivers had an extremely variable water level. In some areas, it was barely more than a stream; in others, destructive floods caused loss of life and property damage. Buchanan Dam and the resulting reservoir were designed as an attempt to control the flow of water and produce reliable electrical power. The original plan for the Buchanan dam was drawn up in the 1850’s, but due to financial constraints and financial setbacks, it was not actually completed until 1937. Inks Dam was completed in 1938 not far downstream, and soon these dams provided not only water but hydroelectric power to the areas surrounding the Colorado River.

Eleven major dams and reservoirs along the Colorado Rivers provide water and power for Texas residents. Responsibility for these river projects falls to the Upper Colorado River Authority (UCRA) and the Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA), nonprofit organizations created by the Texas Legislature in the 1930’s to serve the water and power needs of the growing state. The UCRA is best known as a lending institution for local cities, providing funds for water reclamation projects and other conservation concerns and overseeing environmental programs as they pertain to the Colorado River. The LCRA holds responsibility for the operations at the Buchanan, Inks, Wirtz, Max Starcke, Mansfield and Tom Miller dams and reservoirs, collectively known as the Texas Highland Lakes. Additionally, the LCRA manages several state utility projects that provide water, electricity, and other public services to Central and Southeast Texas. Over one million residents of this area derive most or all of their electricity from projects administered by the LCRA.

During the 1970’s and 1980’s, Austin experienced a sharp growth in population. This necessitated an increase in construction, and the resulting pollution threatened to damage the water quality of the Colorado River. City and state officials took prompt action, expanding water treatment facilities and instituting strict new rules to defend the Colorado against further pollution. Today, the Colorado River Trail Program attracts visitors from across the country and around the globe. Kayak and canoe trips down the Colorado are tailor-made for novice paddlers due to the slow current of the river and the wide variety of wildlife that can be spotted along the banks of the river. The Highland Lakes are especially popular tourist attractions with over a million visitors each year. The Colorado River in Texas truly delivers the best of both worlds: water and electricity for the region, and a beautiful and unspoiled destination for tourists everywhere.

Is San Antonio the Best City in Texas For a Business?

San Antonio is the second largest city in Texas and the seventh largest city in the whole of the United States. The area is home to around 1.7 million residents and is well known for having lots of tourist attractions and quality commercial properties.

Due to its Southern location, the city is nearly always basking in dry or humid heat, reaching 95 degrees Fahrenheit in August and July. This promise of almost constant good weather makes it an ideal business headquarters location for anyone who enjoys the heat.

It’s estimated around 20 million people visit the city’s tourist attractions every year, making it ideal for businesses nearby. The Heny B Gonzalez Convention Centre hosts around 300 events each year, with the whole tourism industry adding an estimated $10.7 billion to the area’s economy per fiscal year. Other key attractions in the area include the River Walk – this walk meanders through downtown and past numerous quality shops, bars and restaurants. The Alamo is a former Roman Catholic mission and fortress and is easily the biggest tourist attraction in San Antonio. Other key attractions include SeaWorld and Six Flags Fiesta Texas.

San Antonio is easily one of the best places to take commercial property in Texas and is home to a number of Fortune 500 companies. Key Fortune 500 companies based in San Antonio offices include Tesoro, USAA, Valero Energy Corp and NuStar Energy. Other key businesses based in the area include Rackspace, Harte-Hanks and Builders Square. Popular commercial property options in the city include cubicles, executive suites and dealing rooms.

The area is also a great city for sport-lovers. The key team in the area is the San Antonio Spurs who play at the AT&T Centre and are part of the National Basketball Association.

If you’re thinking of moving your business to the city but have children then you’re in luck! The area hosts 100,000 students across its 31 higher education facilities, which include the Alamo Community District.

The area is also rich in transport links which means travelling to your city office space couldn’t be easier. The San Antonio International Airport is perfect for flying in important clients, while the VIA Metropolitan Transit provides the city with fantastic everyday public transport. The San Antonio Amtrak Station’s Texas Eagle and Sunset Limited are a great rail option, while the city’s major freeways, including the Interstate 10 and Interstate 35, are perfect for those who like to travel by road.

Proximity to Public Transport Linked to Better Mental Health

Location is usually the biggest factor while deciding one’s accommodation; the better the facilities in the area, the higher the prices. Access to public transport plays an important role in the selection of house. However, there are many who hate a noisy neighborhood, which is common if the house is located in an area with good public transport facility.

However, apart from the real estate point of view, there is another reason to opt for a house located in proximity to a train station or a bus stop. According to a recent study, published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, living near public transport facility boosts mental health.

Titled “The Effects of the Urban Built Environment on Mental Health: A Cohort Study in a Large Northern Italian City,” this 2015 study claimed that “built environment” has a stronger effect on mental health for people who spend more time in the neighborhood. They found that better access to public transport and a dense urban structure could lead to a reduction in depression. This is especially true for women and elderly who have an increased opportunity to move around and mingle with others.

“The urban built environment (BE),” said the researchers, “is one of the potential determinants of health and health inequalities to be considered in the Health in All Policies approach. The health impact of some BE characteristics, such as housing, traffic, environmental pollution and safety, have been widely assessed but little is known about the impact of main structural characteristics of the urban context that are central to urban and local plans, such as land use, building density and distribution of services and facilities.”

The researchers collated and studied the data from the Turin Longitudinal Study in northern Italy, which was based on the city’s historical population registry from 1971 to present. They considered five key parameters as urban characteristics to arrive at their conclusion, which was developmental density, land use mixture (residential, commercial), public and green space, cultural and sports facilities (public libraries, swimming pools), as well as transit access.

The researchers further studied basic demographic information, like education, job status, citizenship and residential stability as the basis of their study. They followed the adult citizens to measure their mental conditions by looking at the antidepressant medications consumed during a certain period of time.

They observed that depressive symptoms in populations that lived closer to environments with improved facilities like transit access significantly improved. They had reduced intake of antidepressant medications, which suggests an improvement in their mental condition. This finding was especially prominent among women and older residents aged between 50 and 64.

Two distinct trends came to the fore from this study – one, it showed that people’s mental state improved significantly when they lived in areas that are more easily accessible by bus or train, and in places with taller average building heights than those living in more remote or sparse areas;. and two, antidepressant prescriptions increased among those with less education and inactivity.

“In our data, a low level of education and inactivity shows the strongest effect on the incidence of first antidepressant prescriptions, particularly among unemployed men,” the researchers said.

In a built environment, home and offices were the strongest determinants in term of health benefits as people spend an extended period of time in them. However, the effects of outdoor urban environment are difficult to ascertain and is recognized to be of minor intensity.

The study makes some very pertinent suggestions, like addressing health inequalities, building a good public transport network throughout the city, and paying attention to elderly and women population. These measures would definitely contribute to the mental health in the city in relation to urban policies and foster equity in the distribution of social determinants.

McKinney Home to North Texas Corporate Aviation Hub

Sitting at the northeastern edge of the sprawling Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex, McKinney, Texas is not only one of the fastest developing communities in the region, it occupies a unique niche in North Texas aviation traffic. Since 1979, the Collin County Regional Airport, has served as the principle hub for corporate and business-owned flights in the North Texas Region.

Nationally Recognized Growth Center

McKinney, which is the county seat of Collin County, has a population of approximately 128,000. The community represents a vibrant business presence in the greater Metroplex and was named the fifth best place in the United States to live by CNN’s Money Magazine in July 2010. From 2000 to 2003 McKinney was listed by the Census Bureau as the fastest growing city in America, a designation the town picked up again in 2006.

Like all communities in the region, McKinney has easy access to DFW International Airport, which lies half-way between Dallas and Fort Worth. The facility ranks third in the world in operations and seventh in passenger volume. In recent years, however, the bulk of private corporate flights into North Texas has shifted away from DFW toward the Collin County Regional Airport, which caters primarily to that class of aviation.

Collin County Regional Airport

About 60 percent of the air traffic at the Collin County Regional Airport has a business purpose, with 40 percent of the activity comprised of training, private, or recreational flights. This heavy emphasis on corporate air transit has made Collin County and McKinney a strategic business gateway into the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex.

In a recent interview with “Star Local News,” airport director Ken Wiegand referred to the facility as a “regional concierge” for both private citizens and business figures from across the nation. “We greet business decision makers, celebrities, political leaders and families who choose to fly rather than drive to the North Dallas region,” he said.

Business-related air traffic at the facility includes travel for customer contact, project management, and deal brokering as well as the transportation of parts and components for a variety of North Texas industries. The steadily increasing degree of activity has guided a targeted program of infrastructure expansion, which has further fueled the airport’s growing regional importance.

Modern businesses are increasingly mobile, with corporate aircraft representing some of the most sophisticated traveling offices in the world. Wiegand characterized commercial passenger flights as “a terrible waste of business resources,” when corporate travelers have the option to have “complete control over [their own] air transportation.”

Regional Airport Generates Jobs, Income

The airport is also a significant source of jobs and income in Collin County, with 105 full-time employees and a direct annual payroll that is estimated at $5.6 million per year. With yearly traffic at approximately 20,000 visitors, the airport supports an additional 120 ancillary employees with an aggregate payroll of $2.5 million. The visitors themselves have a direct financial output into the region of $4 million. Total estimates suggest the airport is directly linked to 470 full-time jobs and an infusion of $65.7 million into the regional economy.

Some of these jobs are construction related since the airport has been under almost constant expansion since it opened in 1979. Currently the facility covers 745 acres with a 7,001-foot runway that was rehabilitated in 2007 to accommodate heavier aircraft. In February 2011, a $2.5 million replacement air traffic control tower will be finished and the latest runway replacement project is slated for completion in December 2012.

Additional components of the current construction plan include a commercial grade runway, new taxi lanes to improve access to hangars, aeronautical service-based business sites, and land purchases with an eye toward more growth in the future. Wiegand said the airport is marketing hangar pad sites “that no other airport in the Dallas area can match.”

Prime Location in Proximity to Dallas

The Collin County Airport is a natural corporate aviation center based on location alone. McKinney is only 30 miles north of downtown Dallas and is, in fact, a popular bedroom community for business people commuting into the city. The town offers gorgeous tree-lined streets and an historic downtown that almost belie the competitive economic environment that is fundamental to the local vision. Unlike many growing municipalities, however, McKinney has struck the correct balance of small-town life and sustained business growth that has steadily drawn new citizens and enterprises in recent years.

That vision, coupled with an airport that has a goal to serve not just the city of McKinney and the broader Collin County area, but the regional community as a whole, creates a powerfully attractive combination. Both businesses and residents will continue to be drawn to McKinney based on these and other factors, assuring McKinney continued evolution as an important satellite of the already thriving Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex.

article submitted on behalf of co-author Darrell Self.

Admissibility of Non-Use of a Seat Belt in Texas Car Accident Cases

The Texas Supreme Court has granted review of a case regarding the admissibility of the non-use of seat belts in a trial of an auto accident case. The case involved an accident in which the driver and passengers were seriously injured a collision with a semi-truck. The driver and passengers were not wearing seat belts. The trial court ruled that the plaintiffs’ non-use of the seat belts was admissible in evidence. Not surprisingly, the injured plaintiffs lost the case when the jury found that the plaintiffs’ negligence for not wearing safety belts overcame the negligence of the truck driver in causing the accident. On appeal, the El Paso Court of Appeals reversed the trial court’s ruling and held that the Plaintiffs’ non-use of a seat belt should not have been admitted into the trial. Further appeal was taken to the Texas Supreme Court, where the attorneys have just finished filing briefs. Given the history of the law in this area, Texas personal injury lawyers, both on the plaintiff’s side and the defense, eagerly await the Court’s decision.

In 1985, Texas passed a statute mandating the use of sea tbelts while operating or occupying an automobile. See Texas Transportation Code, Section 545.413. Prior to the passage of that statute, the common law in Texas was that the non-use of a seat belt is not admissible in a civil trial for personal injuries resulting from a car accident. The rational behind the common law was that the non-use of a seat belt is not relevant to the cause of the accident. In other words, a car accident is caused by the negligent operation of a motor vehicle and not by the non-use of seat belts.

When the seat belt statute was first passed, the Texas legislature tipped their hat to the common law rule. The statute actually had an express provision that stated the use or non-use of a seat belt was not admissible in a civil trial. But in 2003, with the passage of House Bill 4, that section was repealed from the statute. The Texas Supreme Court is now faced with deciding what legal effect did the repeal of that section have on the long-standing common law. Does the repeal of that section mean that the non-use seat belts is now admissible or does it mean that the issue is left for the Texas courts and common law to decide?

If the legislature intended for seat belt evidence to be admissible in a civil trial, then why did it not just amend the statute to expressly provide that the non-use of a seat belt be admissible rather than just remain silent on the issue? It will also be interesting to see how the Court deals with the difference between negligence that contributes to the cause of the car accident and negligence that contributes to the cause of the injury. Texas common law has held that only evidence of negligence that causes or contributes to the accident is relevant and admissible. Will the Texas Supreme Court adhere to this long-established common law or will it open the door to evidence pertaining to the circumstances that may have contributed to the injury, but not to the accident? If the Court entertains the proposition of over-ruling established common law, it will create a difficult and demanding situation in which every personal injury caused by someone else’s negligence will be scrutinized for conduct that had no causal effect on the accident.